When it comes to proxies, how much do you know about rotating and sticky sessions? If you’re unfamiliar with how either works, read on to learn everything you need to know about sticky vs rotating proxies, how they function, and how they differ.
A rotating proxy tool offers a large pool of IP addresses to pick from and, unlike a sticky proxy, does not require an IP rotation mechanism. They establish a new unique IP address for each new request or internet session.
As the target site receives connections from numerous allowed IP ranges, the host server finds it challenging to identify any suspicious behavior. Developers can determine how they connect to multiple proxy servers in different geolocations by configuring particular instructions within rotating proxies.
In most circumstances, rotating proxies are ineffective. There are times when utilizing them is detrimental. There is one time when you will need to use a rotating session – when you do not wish to employ a sticky session.
Sticky sessions are the inverse of rotating sessions. In the context of rotating sessions, sessions are renewed after each request. Sticky sessions have a persistence session that lasts for a time before being restarted. Again, this is closely tied to IP address changes, which for sticky proxies are not expected.
The IP address given to a proxy port is kept for a set time before being updated in sticky proxies. The session stays persistent until the IP address changes, providing an ongoing session.
For an anonymous connection, a sticky proxy provides a single IP address. It has various disadvantages because anti-scraping technology may quickly identify excessive traffic from a single IP address. Sticky proxies use sticky sessions to anonymize connections from a single IP address.
Residential proxies and mobile proxies can be used until the session is terminated without being compelled to rotate. However, sticky proxies should not be confused with static proxies; a static proxy server can be used for months. This is one of the benefits of datacenter and ISP proxy addresses.
As residential and (some) mobile proxies rely on end users to maintain their devices connected, they can only simulate a static IP. In reality, even if your provider permits you to create a 30-minute sticky session, there’s no assurance that you’ll retain the same IP address for the time. That is how technology works.
Occasionally, you need access to a complete pool of IP addresses rather than just one. This is possible, but it would require the user to reboot the broadband router each time you want to generate a new address or start a new VPN connection, which would be impractical after a few sessions.
This is where a rotating proxy comes into play, which is meant to provide a complete pool of IP addresses so that a user may cycle between them. The precise figure varies per provider, but we’re talking about more than 100 million from a single source in certain situations. The notion is that there is a vast IP proxy pool, and then the proxy server provider cycles to a new address each time a new connection is established. As a result, the user appears to be a distinct client of the website.
Sticky proxies, like rotating proxies, employ a back-connect server as a gateway to your proxy provider’s network. You will be assigned a single hostname or IP address granting you access to a proxy pool with many IP addresses. You may also utilize numerous persistent IP addresses without altering the gateway by changing the port number or session ID. You will benefit from using a proxy server, such as evading bans and CAPTCHAs.
Many website owners utilize antibot techniques to fight such damaging bot impacts, as a bot could potentially shut down a business. Website owners also use anti-scraping measures to detect suspicious behavior and separate legitimate web scrapers from bots. Bots typically transmit a lot of traffic from a single IP address. This is where your knowledge of rotating and static proxies will be helpful.
Residential sticky proxies are best suited for operations that must complete several new requests sequentially. For example, you might want to utilize a bot to streamline the checkout process on an e-commerce site. The bot must submit request after request, and changing proxies every time it sends a request may cause the entire operation to fail. Sticky proxies are required to ensure that the procedure succeeds every time.
Another example would be creating and managing many social media profiles. Sticky proxies allow you to switch to a new IP address at your convenience and establish as many accounts as you like.
Sticky proxies are also helpful for conducting market research from a single portal. Online repositories provide a valuable knowledge source centralized on a single platform. Repositories can restrict the number of accounts that a person can have.
Like managing multiple social media accounts, a sticky proxy server allows users to create many accounts, each with a unique IP address. Users may then access their accounts using a reliable proxy server.
When it comes to why use a rotating proxy, the average user will generally connect to the site and will not require such a vast pool of addresses. The solution can be found in a technique known as web scraping, which is a means of extracting massive amounts of data from a website. After then, the data may be exported into a database, for example, to make it more valuable to the user.
Rotating proxies, particularly residential ones, make you less likely to be shut out even if the target website employs an aggressive blocking strategy. You can keep rotating proxies until you have extracted all the required data.
Additionally, regarding Search Engine Optimization (SEO), you may employ rotating proxies per location to see how your site performs in different areas worldwide.
Both sticky and rotating proxies have their strengths and weaknesses. The choice between the two hinges on your specific needs and the complexity of the websites you want to interact with. By understanding the differences between these two types of proxies, you can make an informed decision that best suits your business needs.